7 Most Important Things Everyone Should Know About Hypertension

1. Blood pressure is the force (or pressure) that blood exerts on arteries as it moves from the heart to othevpart of the body. So, Hypertension is an increase in blood pressure from its normal value

2. Normal blood pressure range of between 90/60mmHg – 120/80mmHg

Hypertension affects all age groups (yes, there is juvenile hypertension). However, middle age (30 -55 years), older people and pregnant women are at higher risk

3. Main cause of hypertension is unknown but risk factors include;

  • Diet high in salt, fat, cholesterol
  • Family history of hypertension
  • Overweight or obesity
  • Lack of physical activity
  • Use of drugs, alcohol or smoking
  • High levels of stress

4. Hypertension is a “silent killer disease” as symptoms may go unnoticed. Some warning signs include;

  • persistent headache,
  • dizziness,
  • chest pain,
  • palpitations

5. Hypertension can be prevented by;

  • Reduce salt, fat intake
  • Weight loss or maintenance strategy
  • Avoid smoking and alcohol
  • Regular blood pressure check and medical checkup
  • Compliance to prescribed drugs

6. The best time to check your blood pressure is early in the morning, after waking from sleep. Untreated hypertension can result in blindness, heart attack, kidney failure.

7. Hypertension can be properly managed by diet regimen, exercise, compliance to drugs and reduce stress Remember, a healthy life is a wealthy life.

Written By ADEPOJU Toluwalope

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