HISTORY OF PHYSICAL THERAPY
Physicians like Hippocrates and later Galenus are believed to have been the first practitioners of physical therapy, advocating massage, manual therapy techniques, and hydrotherapy to treat people in 460 BC. After the development of orthopedics in the eighteenth century, machines like the Gymnasticon were developed to treat gout and similar diseases by the systematic exercise of the joints, similar to later developments in physical therapy. The earliest documented origins of actual physical therapy as a professional group date back to Per Henrik Ling, “Father of Swedish Gymnastics,” who founded the Royal Central Institute of Gymnastics (RCIG) in 1813 for massage, manipulation, and exercise. The Swedish word for a physical therapist is suk gymnast = someone involved in gymnastics for those who are ill. In 1887, PTs were given official registration by Sweden’s National Board of Health and Welfare. In 1894 four nurses in Great Britain formed the Chartered Society of Physiotherapy. The School of Physiotherapy at the University of Otago in New Zealand in 1913 and the United States’ 1914 Reed College in Portland, Oregon, which graduated “reconstruction aides.” Modern physical therapy was established in Britain towards the end of the 19th century. Soon following American orthopedic surgeons began treating children with disabilities and began employing women trained in physical education, massage, and remedial exercise. These treatments were applied and promoted further during the Polio outbreak of 1916. During the First World War, women were recruited to work with and restore physical function to injured soldiers, and the field of physical therapy was institutionalized. In 1918 the term “Reconstruction Aide” was used to refer to individuals practicing physical therapy. The first school of physical therapy was established at Walter Reed Army Hospital in Washington D.C. following the outbreak of World War I. Research catalyzed the physical therapy movement. The first physical therapy research was published in the United States in March 1921 in “The PT Review.” In the same year, Mary McMillan organized the Physical Therapy Association (now called the American Physical Therapy Association (APTA) and which currently represents approximately 76,000 members throughout the United States. The APTA defines physical therapy as: “clinical applications in the restoration, maintenance, and promotion of optimal physical function.”
WHAT IS PHYSICAL THERAPY?
Physical therapy (or Physiotherapy) is a health care profession primarily concerned with the remediation of impairments and disabilities and the promotion of mobility, functional ability, quality of life and movement potential through examination, evaluation, diagnosis, and physical intervention carried out by Physical Therapists (known as Physiotherapists in most countries). In addition to clinical practice, other activities encompassed in the physical therapy profession include research, education, consultation, and administration.
WHO IS A PHYSICAL THERAPIST?
Physical Therapists are healthcare professionals who are trusted with restoring and improving motion, they contribute to their patients’ quality of life by keeping them healthy, fit, and active and, in many instances, avoiding surgery and long-term use of prescription medications.
CONDITIONS TREATED BY PHYSIOTHERAPISTS
Musculoskeletal Conditions; post-operative orthopedic procedures (Arthroplasty and so on), Fractures, Acute sports injuries, Arthritis, Sprains, Strains, Back and Neck Pain, Spinal Conditions, and Amputations, etc.
Cardiorespiratory Conditions; Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease(COPD), Pre and Post Surgery, Dysfunctional breathing pattern, etc,
Neurological Conditions; Stroke, Traumatic Brain Injury, Multiple Sclerosis, Parkinson’s disease, Spinal cord injury, Ataxia, Muscular dystrophy, Guillain-barre syndrome, Motor neuron disease, Cerebral palsy, Bells palsy, etc.
You can book an appointment today for any of the aforementioned conditions…
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